The purl stitch is the second most common knitting stitch and along with the knit stitch is used to make all other stitches. It is essentially the knit stitch backwards, which can be a little difficult for the beginner to learn.
Step 1: Cast on your first row. How many stitches you cast on will be determined by your pattern.
Step 2: Insert the tip of your empty needle through the first stitch going the opposite direction of your main needle. Your needles should cross forming an “X” with your main needle on the bottom.
Step 3: Take your non-dominant hand and hold the needles together where they intersect.
Step 4: With your dominant hand, take your yarn and wrap it around your top needle. Start by going under, around, and then over.
Step 5: Pull the yarn through the stitch by bringing your top needle down and away from you.
Step 6: Pull the stitch off your main needle and tighten your new stitch onto the other needle.
Repeat steps 2 – 6 until you have reached your desired length.